Thursday, January 8, 2015

A Helpful Checklist for Book Contract Negotiations


"The author writes, the publisher invests, and from the sales of the book they create together and from exploitation of rights, the author earns royalties and fees, and the publisher earns its profits. It is as simple as simple - and as complicated - as that."
                                      - from Publishing Agreements: A Book of Precedents
This checklist is a navigation tool to help publishers (and authors) analyze, draft and negotiate a publishing agreement. Whether you are just starting out, or a seasoned publishing professional, the dance steps are the same. You court (or get courted), then you sign a contract. Unlike marriage, where you vow to spend the rest of your life with one partner, when you sign a publishing contract you vow to spend the rest of your life, plus another 70  years (the current term of copyright) with one publishing partner. The possibility of being released sooner exists, but, that is the subject of another post.  

A publishing contract confers upon a publisher the status of exclusive licensee. As an exclusive licensee, the publisher enjoys all the benefits of copyright ownership.  That includes the right to sublicense rights, as well assign their duties and obligations to a third party.  While not all clauses are equally important (or negotiable), a well-drafted contract will cover all, or most of the below points.  

This checklist is not intended as a crash course on drafting or negotiating a publishing agreement. If you are determined to draft (or negotiate) your own contract, lock yourself in a room for three days, then call a publishing attorney.
Publishing Contract Negotiation Checklist 

  I.   General Provisions

      1. Name/address of parties
         -Why kind of author?  Joint?  Single?  Corporate entity?
      2. Description of work (synopsis)
          -Tentative title, no. of words, illos intended audience, fiction, non-fiction,

II.   Grant of Rights and Territory

      1. Is it an assignment of "all rights" or a license agreement?
      2. Term or time period (i.e., usually the life of the copyright)
      3. Geographic scope
           a)     World
           b)     Limited (e.g., U.S., its possessions and Canada)
      4. Exclusive rights granted
           a)     Primary rights
                  -Hardcover
                  -Trade paperback
                  -Mass market
                  -eBook
          b)     Secondary (subsidiary rights)
                  -Periodical rights
                  1) First serial (i.e., pre-publication excerpts)
                  2) Second serial
                  -Book club
                  -Dramatic rights
                  -Film/TV rights
                  -Videocassette/audiocassette
                  -eBook
                  -Other digital versions (apps, enhanced ebooks)
                  -Radio rights
                  -Merchandising (commercial tie-in) rights
                  -New technologies
                  -Foreign translations rights
                  -British Commonwealth rights

III.   Manuscript Delivery

    1. Delivery requirements
          a) When due? Is the date realistic? Time is of the essence?
          b) What format? Specify size of paper, spacing, margins, etc.
          c) What to deliver?
                 -Number of manuscript copies, disks (what WP format?)
                 -Index (who pays?)
                 -Number of illustrations, charts, photos (who pays?)
          d) Copyright permissions and releases
                 -Scope of rights (does it parallel grant of rights?)
                 -Who pays?
      2. Manuscript Acceptance
          a) Criteria: Satisfactory in "form and content" or at "sole discretion" of the  
            publisher? (Note: Historically, this clause has been a litigation flashpoint)
          b) Termination for unsatisfactory manuscript
          c) Termination for changed market conditions
          d) How is notice of acceptance or dissatisfaction given
          e) Good faith duty to edit
          f) Return of the author advance
                 -First proceeds clause   
                 -False first proceeds clause

  IV. Copyright Ownership

      1. In whose name will work be registered?
      2. Exclusivity
      3. When will work be registered? (Should be done within statutory period).
      4. Joint authors 

      5. License versus assignment
      6. Independent Contractor or Work for hire
      7
. Reserved rights
          -Overlap between audio & multimedia on the one hand, & performance rights on the other
          -Overlap between print on the one hand,  & screenplay /  play publishing on the other

V. Author’s Representations & Warranties
      1. Author sole creator
      2. Not previously published; not in public domain
      3. Does not infringe any copyrights
      4. Does not invade right of privacy or publicity
      5. Not libelous or obscene
      6. No errors or omissions in any recipe, formula or instructions
      7. Limited only to material delivered by Author

VI. Indemnity & Insurance Provisions
      1. Author indemnifies publisher
      2. Does indemnity apply to claims and breaches?
      3. Can publisher withhold legal expenses? Is it held in an interest   
      bearing account
      4. Is author added as additional insured on publisher's insurance?
      5. Does publisher have ability to settle claims without prior approval of
      author? If so, are there a dollar amount limitation?

VII. Publication
      1. Duty to publish within [insert number] months of ?
          a) Force majeure (acts of god)
                 - Any cap on delays?
      2. Advertising and promotion
      3. Right to use author's approved name and likeness
      4. Bound galleys/review copies
      5. Style or manner of publication
          a) Title consultation or approval?
          b) Book jacket
                 - Right of consultation? Approval?
          c) Changes in manuscript
      6. Initial publication by specific imprint or publisher may sublicense
           rights?

VIII. Advances & Royalties
      1. Advance against future royalties
      2. When payable? (in halves, thirds, etc.)
      3. Royalties and subsidiary rights:
          a) Primary rights
                 -Hardcover royalties
                 -Trade paperback royalties
                 -Mass market royalties
                 -Ebook royalties
                 -Royalty escalation(s)
                 -Bestseller bonus
                 -Royalty reductions
                  1) deep discount and special sales
                  2) mail order sales
                  3) premium sales
                  4) small printing
                  5) slow moving inventory
                  6) bundling with other works
          b) Secondary (subsidiary) rights royalty splits
                 -Book club (sales from publisher’s inventory v. licensing rights)
                 -Serialization (first serial, second serial)
                 -Anthologies, selection rights
                 -Large print editions
                 -Hardcover
                 -Trade paperback
                 -Mass market
                 -Foreign translation
                 -British Commonwealth
                 -Future technology rights
.                 -Audio rights
                 -Motion picture/TV
                 -Merchandising
                 -Advertising
     4. Reasonable reserve for returns
          a) What percentage is withheld?
          b) When liquidated?
      5. What is royalty based on? (Retail price? wholesale price? net price?)
          a) At average discount of 50%, 20% of net is same as 10% of list
          b) At average discount of 40%, 16-2/3% of net is same as 10% of list
          c) At average discount of 20%, 12-1/2% of net is the same as 10% of list
       6. Recoupment of advances

IX. Accounting Statements
      1. Annual, semiannual, or quarterly statements
      2. Payment dates
      3. Cross-collateralization
      4. Audit rights
      5. Limit on time to object to statements
      6. Limit on time to bring legal action
      7. Examination on contingency basis
      8. Pass through clause for subsidiary rights income
      9. Reversion of rights for failure to account

X. Revised Editions
      1. Frequency
      2. By whom?
      3. Royalty reductions if done by third party
      4. Sale of revised edition treated as sale of new book?
      5. Reviser/Author credit

XI. Option
      1. Definition of next work
      2. When does option period start?
      3. Definiteness of terms (i.e., is option legally enforceable?)
      4. What type of option? (e.g., first look, matching, topping)

XII. Competing Works      
      1. How is competing work defined?      
      2. How long does non-compete run?
      3. Any reasonable accommodations?

XIII. Out-of-Print
      1. How defined? (Eg, __ copies sold over __ accounting periods)
      2. Notice requirements
      3. Author's right to purchase digital files, inventory

XIV. Termination
      1. What triggers reversion of rights?
          a) Failure to publisher within ___ months of manuscript acceptance
          b) Failure to account to author after due notice
          c) Failure to keep book in print (see Section X)
      2. Survival of Author's representations and warranties
      3. Licenses granted prior to termination survive

      4. First proceeds clause

XII. Miscellaneous
      1. Choice of governing law
      2. Mediation / Arbitration?
      3. Bankruptcy
      4. Modification
      5. Literary agency clause

      6. Personal guarantee if the author is a business entity, not a human being. 



Resources Beyond the Blog

Author Guild
Dramatists Guild

Independent Book Publishers Association (IBPA)
National Writers Union (NWU)
Romance Writers of America (RWA)
Science Fiction Writers of American (SFWA)
Society of Authors (UK)
Society of Children's Book Writers and Illustrators (SCBWI)
Text and Academic Authors Association (RWA)


Looking for professional advice? Contact us


DISCLAIMER: This article discusses general legal issues of interest and is not designed to give any specific legal advice pertaining to any specific circumstances.   It is important that professional legal advice be obtained before acting upon any of the information contained in this article.

The Copyright Permission and Libel Handbook: A Step-by-Step Guide for Writers, Editors, and Publishers (Wiley Books for Writers Series)LLOYD JASSIN is a New York-based publishing attorney.  He teaches a digital rights & permission at the NYU Publishing Program.  He is co-author of the Copyright Permission and Libel Handbook: A Step- by-Step Guide for Writers, Editors and Publishers (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).   Lloyd has written extensively on negotiating contracts in the publishing and entertainment industries, and lectures frequently on contract and copyright issues affecting creators and their publisher partners.  A long-time supporter of independent presses, he is First Amendment counsel to the Independent Book Publishers Association  (IBPA) and sits on the advisory board of The Beacon Press, one of America's oldest independent presses.

He may reached at Jassin@copylaw.com or at (212) 354-4442.  His offices are located in the heart of Times Square, in The Actors' Equity Bldg., at 1501 Broadway, FL 12, NYC, 10036.  Follow the Law Firm and Lloyd on Twitter at http://www.twitter.com/lloydjassin


(c) 2013 - 2015

Friday, January 2, 2015

Outside of a Dog #4: What Are Words Worth?

Outside of a Dog is an irregular series that features publishing wisdom from a variety of classic and contemporary sources. As a lawyer, I'm fascinated by the economics and entrapments of publishing contracts and cases.


"It is better to have a permanent income than to be fascinating."
                                                           --Oscar Wilde (1854 - 1900)

How are authors paid?  Generally, badly.

Most writers write because literature is their calling, not for the money.  However, authors must eat.  To that point Samuel Johnson said, "No man but a blockhead ever wrote except for money."  So, when a contract is negotiated between an author and a publisher, the author is generally paid a nonrefundable advance against future royalty income.  That means the author won't see another dollar until the advance is earned back.  (How an advance is calculated is discussed later in this post). 

There have been many bitter remarks written about the size of those book advances and the economics of traditional book publishing.  Mid-list authors, demoralized by anemic advances, whose royalty accounts are perennially in-the-red, should take note that publishing is an equal opportunity abuser.  Calvin Trillin, Edgar Allan Poe, and even the poet Horace have groused about the meager earnings and economics endemic to the publishing industry. What follows is a sampling of those author grumblings.

Monkey Business

In the 1932 comedy Monkey Business, Groucho Marx says “Oh, I know it’s a penny here and a penny there, but look at me. I worked myself up from nothing to a state of extreme poverty.” The line, attributed to S.J. Perelman, is an apt statement about typical author earnings, which, according to the Authors' Licensing and Collecting Society has fallen by 29% since 2005.

Perelman was a thorn in the side of  his book publisher, Bennett Cerf, when it came time to negotiate his new Random House book contract. In response to Cerf's refusal to increase his book advance, Perelman, Algonquin Round Table wit and prolific author, countered: “I am afraid that a $250 advance is mandatory; after fourteen months of my life on my Sabine farm, I have practically no worms to drop into the bills of my young and the movie business isn’t helping to any degree.” Marshaling all the right arguments, he added that Cerf would be better served by sending him back to his typewriter with a “happy grin and a high heart,” than "leaving his money to an animal hospital."

Showing his talent for satire, even in the face of contract negotiations, Perelman wrapped up negotiations with the following:  “[C]all in Swaine, Cravath, deGersdoff & Wood and draw up those tortuous contracts.  I’ll have Samuel Untermyer [Perelman's attorney] go over them (I pay him fifty or sixty thou a year just to handle my book contracts) and send them on without delay.”  While a noted penny-pincher, Perelman understood the utility of having a fountain pen-for-hire to look over his contracts.

What Are Words Worth?

While there is no set formula, publishers base advances on the number of copies they project to sell in first six months to a year after a book first goes on sale. Clearly, Perelman's publisher, Random House, was not expecting much.  To calculate an advance, a publisher looks at what the royalty payout to the author is on each copy, then multiplies that by the number of copies they project to sell (less a deduction for anticipated returns).  If a publisher pays an advance of $50,000 for a first novel,  assuming a royalty of 8% of a cover price of $19.95 (think trade paperback original), or $1.59 a copy, that means the publisher will have to sell more than 31,446 copies before the advance is earned out and the author earns a dollar more than the $50,000 already paid to her.  For this reason, during negotiations it's important for an author to ask how many copies the publisher thinks it will sell, and at what price.  If you are fortunate enough to be taken to lunch before an offer is made, a good time to slip in the "How many do you think you can sell?" question is after the first glass of wine has been polished off.  In vino veritas.

Unlike Perelman, author Kurt Vonnegut had a different relationship with money and the writing process. Rebelling against the "more is better" approach to advances, he advised his son (author Mark Vonnegut) “to carry on without an advance” while working on his first book. You can read the complete letter he wrote to his son in Kurt Vonnegut: Letters, but here's an excerpt:
I have mixed feelings about advances on first books. They are hard to get, for one thing, and are usually so small that they tie you up without appreciably improving your financial situation. Also, I have seen a lot of writers stop writing or at least slow down after getting an advance. They have a feeling of completion after making a deal. That’s bad news creatively. If you are within a few months of having a finished, edited manuscript, I advise you to carry on without an advance, without that false feeling of completion, without that bit of good news to announce to a lot of people before the job is really done.
Thackery wrote "the rewards of the profession are not to be measured by the money standard." Not surprisingly, in the present age, the size of an advance is a prediction of how well the book will do.  It's the bet the publisher is placing on the book.  If a book goes unread, I'm not certain where the rewards lie. 

Trillin's Extravagant Lunch Principle

Many books have been written about contract negotiations. Attorney Mark Levine offers his industry specific insights in his excellent book Negotiating a Book Contract.  If you intend to publish more than one book with a publisher, you must read the section on cross collateralization.  This is a bet -hedging clause drafted by contract grinches that pools royalties to pay off book advances that have not earned back, from books that have. Contracts with cross collateralization clauses deservedly get bad reviews from author advocates.  Author, Calvin Trillin's brand of contract advice is colored by a an insider's cynicism fed by extravagant author lunches and familiarity with the entire publishing scene - not a law degree. His singular advice is “the advance for a book should be at least as much as the cost of the lunch at which it was discussed.”  My advice is to lock yourself in a room for three days after being lunched, or presented with a contract, then call a publishing attorney.  

A corollary to Trillins’ formula governing advances: The cost of clearing permissions should never exceed the size of the advance.  The takeaway being, think carefully about the book you want to write as the cost of  permissions can bankrupt you.  

When I was much younger, working for St. Martin’s Press, I witnessed an interesting variation on Trillin’s Extravagant Lunch Principle.  Jimmy Ernst, son of surrealist painter Max Ernst, died on the first day of his book tour.  I was the publicist.  That he died before seeing the glowing reviews his memoir, A Not So Still Lifereceived is beyond  tragic.  With Jimmy gone we had to come up with a plan to promote an authorless autobiography.  I will never forget the three hour lunch at The Russian Team room where my boss, Jimmy's agent, and I planned a modest publication party to support the now orphan work.  After lunch, I returned to the Flatiron Building to attend the weekly marketing meeting.  At the meeting, I made my pitch for the publication party, only to have my request for $400 to fund the party shot down.  Distressing.  But, weirdly, the entertainment expense voucher my boss submitted for the $400 lunch at The Russian Tea Room (where the party was discussed) was approved.  

You Can't Make a Living, But you Can Make a Killing in [Publishing]*

Victor Bohnam Carter in his book Authors by Profession tells that John Milton, in the midst of a financial crisis, signed a hellish publishing contract for his epic poem, Paradise Lost.  “The agreement was dated April 27, 1667, and provided that Milton receive £5 for the first edition or impression of 1300 copies,  £5 for the second, and the same for the third.”  During his lifetime, Milton received a total of £10 from his publisher Samuel Symons.  Milton’s widow later sold the copyright to Symons for £8.   Edgar Allan Poe died virtually penniless, having risen above the poverty line only once during a fourteen year period between 1835 and 1849.  Similarly, Walt Whitman lived his whole life in poverty.  

Things were no better for authors in ancient Rome.  How do we know?  The poet Horace (who coined the phrase “carpe diem”), grumbled loudly that his works brought the Sosii brothers (his publishers) gold, but, him, only fame.  Hic meret aera liber Sosiis, hic et mare transit, Et longum noto scriptori prorogat alvum. — (Art. Poet., 345)

While the size of that advance is not always an accurate predictor of a book's success, an author who receives a small advance invariably receives less promotion and publicity than one who receives what PublishersMarketplace, The Daily Variety of the publishing industry, calls good deal ($50,000 - $99,000), or a significant deal ($100,000 - $250,000).  nice deal, as defined by
 PublishersMarketplace, ranges from $0 - $49,000. 

But, it's not all doom and gloom for the recipients of a nice deal. Tom Clancy's The Hunt for Red October ($5000), published by The Naval Institute Press, went on to sell millions of copies. Terry Pratchett, Stephen King, Jacqueline Susann, and JK Rowling all received small advances for their first books, which goes to show that publishing is a perplexing business where small bets can pay off big, and big ones can come back to haunt you.

Michael Joseph in his autobiography, The Adventure of a Publishing wrote:
"I do not believe that the terms of a contract are often the reason for an author’s dissatisfaction, as may be supposed.  There are barrack room lawyers among authors, but they are very few.  For the most part authors are content with the terms they receive.  If they have an agent, the publisher cannot be held responsible; if they have not, they usually have little understanding of royalty scales and advances and are grateful for what they receive." Joseph went on to say that "nowadays there can be few publishers foolish enough to underpay their authors.”  Joseph was living in a pre-Kindle world, before the uprising of self-published authors opting for 70% of the list price from Amazon, versus 25% of net eBook sales traditional publishers are willing pay. 

My other problem with Joseph's remark is that the publishing community has always lamented that authors are easily seduced by offers from competing publishers. “I never saw an author in my life,” wrote Oliver Wendell Holmes, “saving perhaps one, that did not purr audibly as a full grown domestic cat on his fur smoothed the right way by a skilled hand.” In truth, while it may appear more verdant, the grass is not always greener at the publishing house across the street. 

Conclusion

In a 1956 letter to travel writer Leila Hadley, S.J. Perelman shared his philosophy about the business of publishing: “[T]he only rule of thumb I know is, get the biggest advance you can (which in turn forces them to try to recoup their investment) and be as demanding on advertising, publicity, etc. as is consonant with your decency.”  Categorizing the common practice of only advertising a book after it begins to sell as “Alice-in-Wonderland” thinking, he urged Ms. Hadley to “be on the ground and participate in all the Martha Dean, Tex and Jinx, and TV panels merde you can evolve.”  Not bad advice.  


*apologies to Robert Anderson who once said: "You can make a killing on Broadway, but you can’t make a living."


Related Posts

Outside of Dog #1: Mark Twain's 1900 eBook Contract
(http://www.copylaw.org/2010/02/mark-twains-1909-e-book-deal.html)

Outside of a Dog#3:  Poe's Legal Woes
http://www.copylaw.org/2011/12/inside-dog-quarrel-among-literati.html)






Wednesday, December 31, 2014

200+ Songs That Reference Books (Spotify Playlist)









Songs (mostly) about books & authors by a man who nearly amused himself to death. 



Click Here for link to Spotify Playlist

Jason Anderson – A Book Laid On It's Binding
Angus & Julia Stone – A Book Like This
Benny's Head – A Bookish Girl
Adam's Plastic Pond – A Brief History of English Literature
The Gentle Waves – A Chapter in the Life of Mathew
Tom Waits – A Good Man Is Hard To Find
Television Personalities – A Picture Of Dorian Gray
Simon & Garfunkel – A Poem on the Underground Wall
Simon & Garfunkel – A Simple Desultory Philippic (Or How I Was Robert McNamara'd into Submission)
Nancy Wilson – A Sleepin' Bee
Genesis – A Trick Of The Tail
Procol Harum – A Whiter Shade Of Pale
Bruce Springsteen – Adam Raised A Cain - 2010 Remastered Version
The Connells – Adjective Song
X – Adult Books
Johnny Flynn – After Eliot
Crash Test Dummies – Afternoons & Coffeespoons
Titus Andronicus – Albert Camus
Tom Waits – Alice
Norman Mailer – Alimony Blues
Bob Dylan – All Along The Watchtower
Jay Farrar – All In One
The Great American Novel – All the Sad Young Literary Men
Green Carnation – Alone
Tim Kasher – American Lit
The Hot Toddies – Anaïs Nin vs. The Pirates of Santa Cruz
PJ Harvey – Angelene
Stevie Nicks – Annabel Lee
Of Montreal – Art Snob Solutions
The Divine Comedy – Arthur C. Clarke's Mysterious World
Roxy Music – Avalon
Langston Hughes – Ballad of the Gypsy
Serge Gainsbourg – Baudelaire
David Linx – Becoming Streams
The Divine Comedy – Bernice Bobs Her Hair
Bon Iver – Beth/Rest - Rare Book Room
Jay Farrar – Big Sur
Morrissey – Billy Budd
The Decemberists – Billy Liar
Smooth Toad – Bixby Canyon
Death Cab for Cutie – Bixby Canyon Bridge
Billy Bragg – Blake's Jerusalem
Blossom Dearie – Blossom's Blues
Bob Dylan – Bob Dylan's 115th Dream
Bob Hope Bing Crosby – Bob's Book - Put It There, Pal
Lana Del Rey – Body Electric
Jimmy LaFave – Bohemian Cowboy Blues
Arkells – Book Club
A Smile and a Ribbon – Book Cover
Rick Danko – Book Faded Brown
John Hiatt – Book Lovers
Steven Wright – Book Store
Simon & Garfunkel – Bookends
Eddie From Ohio – Bookends
Library Voices – Bookish
Joy Kills Sorrow – Books
The Ergs – Books About Miles Davis
Absofacto – Books About Nothing
Margot & The Nuclear So And So's – Books About Trains
Hüsker Dü – Books About UFOs
The Tandoori Knights – Books And Ribs
XTC – Books Are Burning - 2001 - Remaster
Maximo Park – Books From Boxes
Camera Obscura – Books Written for Girls
Ty Segall – Booksmarts
Sonic Youth – Bookstore (Mote) - 8 Track Demo
Harrison Hudson – Bookstore Girl
Jeff Landeen – Bookstore In Nepal
Weezer – Brave New World
Reagan Youth – Brave New World
Graham Forster – Breakfast At Tiffanys
Jay Farrar – Breathe Our Iodine
Art Garfunkel – Bright Eyes
Frightened Rabbit – Bright Pink Bookmark
Dick Hyman – Brush Up Your Shakespeare
Modest Mouse – Bukowski
Tom Russell – Bukowski # 1
The Menzingers – Burn After Writing
Honig – Burning Down Bookshops
Third Eye Blind – Burning Man
Jay Farrar – California Zephyr
Lou Reed (Featuring Laurie Anderson) – Call On Me
Suzanne Vega – Calypso
Bob Weir – Cassidy
Horace Pinker – Catch Twenty Two
Guns N' Roses – Catcher In The Rye
Cabins – Catcher In The Rye
Red Directors – Catcher In The Rye
Sammy Walker – Catcher In The Rye
The Boo Radleys – Charles Bukowski Is Dead
Cell:Adore – Chekhov's Gun
Leonard Cohen – Chelsea Hotel #2
John Cale – Child's Christmas In Wales
Van Morrison – Cleaning Windows
Guy Clark – Cold Dog Soup
Charles Bukowski – Conusmmation Of Grief Read By Charles Bukowski
Mary Shelley – Copyright Notice 2012
Tori Amos – Cornflake Girl
Bobby Bare Jr – Daddy What If
Dipsomaniacs – Daddy's on a Book Tour
Patricia Barber – Dansons La Gigue
Tired Pony – Dead American Writers
Eric Taylor – Dean Moriarty
The Hardy Boys – Dear Seamus Heaney
Son House – Death Letter Blues
John Wesley Harding – Death Of The Ghostwriter
The Avett Brothers – Denouncing November Blue (Uneasy Writer)
Reckless Kelly – Desolation Angels
Bob Dylan – Desolation Row
Lou Reed – Dime Store Mystery
Rabbitt – Dingleys Bookshop
U2 – Dirty Day
Steve Earle – Dixieland
Mississippi Bones – Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?
The Matches – Dog-Eared Page
Gordon Lightfoot – Don Quixote
Kelly Joe Phelps – Don Quixote's Windmill
Madeleine Peyroux – Don't Pick A Fight With A Poet
The Police – Don't Stand So Close To Me
The Real Tuesday Weld – Dorothy Parker Blue
The Damned – Dr Jekyll And Mr Hyde
Say Hi – Dramatic Irony
U2 – Drunk Chicken/America
Munny & the Cameraman – E.B. White
Samo Salamon – E.E. Cummings
Lou Reed – Edgar Allan Poe
Suzanne Vega – Edith Wharton's Figurines
Timesbold – ee cummings
Admiral Freebee – Einstein Brain
Brad Mehldau – Elegy For William Burroughs And Allen Ginsberg
Traffic – Empty Pages
Neal McCarthy – Esperanza (English Version)
Emmylou Harris with The Band – Evangeline
The Gaslight Anthem – Even Cowgirls Get The Blues
Elvis Costello & The Attractions – Every Day I Write The Book
Jill Tracy – Evil Night Together
Joal Ryan – Ezra Pound
Charles Mingus – Fables of Faubus
Bob Nanna – Fahrenheit 451
Johnny Cash – Family Bible
Destroyer – Farrar, Straus & Giroux (Sea of Tears)
Marina and The Diamonds – Fear and Loathing
Lagwagon – Feedbay of Truckstop Poetry
Ten Foot Pole – Fiction
Belle & Sebastian – Fiction
Belle & Sebastian – Fiction Reprise
Buzzcocks – Fiction Romance - 1996 Digital Remaster
Jay Farrar – Final Horrors
William Fitzsimmons – First Page of Kerouac's Tristessa
Amores Vigilantes – Five Blocks With Ferlinghetti
Tom Waits – Flash Pan Hunter/Intro
Gabrielle Chiararo – Flaubert Chante
James Blake – Footnotes
Tom Waits – Frank's Wild Years
Ira Marlowe – Frankenstein The Matchmaker
The Clean – Franz Kafka At The Zoo
Ben Hermanski – Friends and Bookshelves
Case Studies – From Richard Brautigan
Aimee Mann – Ghost World
Garland Jeffreys – Ghost Writer
RJD2 – Ghostwriter
Grand Hallway – Giant Novels
Patti Witten – Goin' Back To Moline
Bright Eyes – Gold Mine Gutted
Johnny Hodges & His Orchestra – Gone With The Wind
Elton John – Goodbye Yellow Brick Road
John Cale – Graham Greene
Laurie Anderson – Gravity's Angel
Klaxons – Gravity's Rainbow
The Gaslight Anthem – Great Expectations
Allen Ginsberg – Gregory Corso's Story
Stefano Guzzetti – Haiku
John Grant – Haiku Fourteen B
Dave Pietro – Hamartia
Jack Kerouac – Hard Hearted Old Farmer
John Vanderslice – Harlequin Press
Cold War Kids – Harold Bloom
Little Green Cars – Harper Lee
The Anniversary – Hart Crane
Poe – Haunted
Sparklehorse – Heart Of Darkness
Carly Simon – Hello Big Man
John Cale – Hemingway
Coastwest Unrest – Henry Miller Library Incident
The Sundays – Here's Where The Story Ends
10,000 Maniacs – Hey Jack Kerouac
The Measure [sa] – Historical Fiction
Sonic Youth – Hits Of Sunshine (For Allen Ginsberg)
Bill Morrissey – Holden's Blues
Weezer – Holiday
R.E.M. – Hollow Man
Cornershop – Hong Kong Book Of Kung Fu
Kenny Loggins – House At Pooh Corner
The Measure [sa] – How Do You Spell 'sartre'?
Florence + The Machine – Howl
Solander – Huckleberry Finn
Casey Donahew Band – Hunter S. Thompson (Rocketship)
Frank Sinatra – I Could Write A Book
Miles Davis Quintet – I Could Write A Book
Procol Harum – I Keep Forgetting
Frank Turner – I Knew Prufrock Before He Got Famous
Bodi Bill – I Like Holden Caulfield - Two In One Version
Harpers Bizarre – I Love You, Alice B. Toklas
Gregory Corso – I Met This Guy Who Died
Nick Lowe – I Read A Lot
Jets To Brazil – I Typed For Miles
The Trouble With Templeton – I Wrote A Novel
Dave's True Story – I'll Never Read Trollope Again
Blossom Dearie – I'm Hip
Matt the Electrician – I'm Sorry Hemingway
Father John Misty – I'm Writing a Novel
William S. Burroughs – Ich Bin Von Kopf Bis Fuss Auf Liebe Eingestellt (Falling In Love Again)
Sam Phillips – If I Could Write
The Band Perry – If I Die Young
The Weakerthans – Illustrated Bible Stories for Children
Sonic Youth – In The Mind Of The Bourgeois Reader
Meg & Dia – Indiana
Hold Tight! – Irony Is For Fuckers
The Owls – Isaac Bashevis Singer
Boardroom Heroes – Ishmael
Billy Koumantzelis – Jack Kerouac’s Morning Beer Shot
Manic Street Preachers – Jackie Collins Existential Question Time
Aimee Mann – Jacob Marley's Chain
Pernice Brothers – Jacqueline Susann
William Parker – James Baldwin To The Rescue
Steve Hackett – Jane Austen's Door
Ron Sexsmith – Jazz At The Bookstore
Noah And The Whale – Jocasta
Judith Holofernes – John Irving
Teddy Thompson – Jonathan's Book
The Clox – Jules Verne
Doc Cheatham – Just An Old Manuscript
Graham Parker – Just Like Hermann Hesse
Pete Shelley – Keats Song
Morphine – Kerouac
Dizzy Gillespie – Kerouac
The Appleseed Cast – Kilgore Trout
Born Ruffians – Kurt Vonnegut
Richard Séguin – L'ange vagabond
The Clancy Brothers – Lady Chatterley
Dire Straits – Lady Writer
Graham Parker – Last Bookstore in Town
TimLee3 – Last Page Of The Book
Marilyn Monroe – Lazy
Sonic Youth – Leaky Lifeboat (for Gregory Corso)
Field Music – Let's Write A Book
Hunter S. Thompson – Letter To William S. Burroughs And Ode To Jack Hunter S. Thompson
My Morning Jacket – Librarian
Final Fantasy – Library
Reina del Cid & the Cidizens – Library Girl
Arctic Monkeys – Library Pictures
Stars – Life 2: The Unhappy Ending
Ella Fitzgerald – Like Young
As The Poets Affirm – Literary Non-Fiction
Jose Vanders – Literature Lovers
The World War I's – Little Librarian
Belle & Sebastian – Little Lou, Ugly Jack, Prophet John
Cannonball Adderley – Lolita
Ennio Morricone – Lolita
Lana Del Rey – Lolita
Throw Me The Statue – Lolita
Stephen Malkmus & The Jicks – Long Hard Book
John Parish – Longfellow Forlorn
The Pogues – Lorca's Novena
Billy Kyle – Lorna Doone Shortbread
Paper Bird – Lost Boys
Roger Waters – Lost Boys Calling
Woody Allen – Lost Generation
Franz Ferdinand – Love and Destroy - Live
Jimmy Buffett – Love In The Library
The Mountain Goats – Lovecraft In Brooklyn
Jay Farrar – Low Life Kingdom
John Cale – Macbeth
Ciccone Youth – Macbeth
Kinky Friedman – Marilyn and Joe
Tom Waits – Medley: Jack & Neal / California Here I Come
Charlotte Gainsbourg – Memoir
Descendents – 'Merican
Léo Mérie – Mexico City Blues
Zero 7 – Milton At Midnight
Led Zeppelin – Misty Mountain Hop
Steve Goodman – Moby Book
Led Zeppelin – Moby Dick
Ciccone Youth – Moby-Dik
Pretty Girls Make Graves – Modern Day Emma Goldman
Eartha Kitt – Monotonous
Audrey Hepburn – Moon River
James Wesley Stemple – More Book Covers
Stereophonics – Mr. Writer
Mary Chapin Carpenter – Mrs. Hemingway
Gateway District – Murakami Novels
Emmylou Harris – My Antonia
Bob Dylan – My Back Pages - Remastered
Patti Smith – My Blakean Year
Stars – My Favourite Book (Flack)
Duke Ellington – My Little Brown Book
Warren Zevon – My Ride's Here
American Music Club – Myopic Books
Hailey Wojcik – Nabokov's Butterfly
The Homewreckers – Nancy Drew
The Weather Underground – Neal Cassady
Fatboy Slim – Neal Cassady Starts Here
The Doobie Brothers – Neal's Fandango
J Church – New York Times Book Review
Ernest Hemingway – Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech
The Black Crowes – Nonfiction
George Gershwin – Novelette In Fourths
Gregory Alan Isakov – O' City Lights
Lana Del Rey – Off To The Races
The Doubleclicks – Oh, Mr. Darcy
Woodpecker! – Old Photos of Coney Island in the Queens Museum v. Coney Island This Afternoon
Lou Reed – Old Poe
Tom Waits – On The Road
Jay Farrar – One Fast Move Or I'm Gone
John Prine – Onomatopoeia
Kenny Clarke & His 52nd Street Boys – Oop-Bop Sh-Bam
Natalie Merchant – Ophelia
Andrew Bird – Orpheo Looks Back
The Donkeys – Orwell's Town
Company of Thieves – Oscar Wilde
Monty Python – Oscar Wilde
Grand Archives – Oslo Novelist
Lagwagon – Owen Meaney
Vampire Weekend – Oxford Comma
Patty Larkin – Pablo Neruda
Sons Of The Never Wrong – Pablo Neruda
The Mouse Folk – Paperback
Tegan And Sara – Paperback Head
Paul McCartney – Paperback Writer - Live At Citi Field
John Cale – Paris 1919
Mark Murphy – Parker's Mood
The Chills – Part Past Part Fiction
Sonic Youth – Pattern Recognition
The Clientele – Paul Verlaine
Ramones – Pet Cemetery
The Young Fresh Fellows – Picture Book
Bastille – Poet
Lizzie West – Portrait Of An Artist As A Young Woman (Thank You)
Adriana Calcanhotto – Portrait of Gertrude (Excerpt from "Gertrude Stein Reads From Her Poetry")/Sieben Frühe Lieber
The Shins – Pressed In A Book
The Smiths – Pretty Girls Make Graves - 2011 Remastered Version
Aaron Diehl – Prologue
Blonde Redhead – Publisher
Patty Larkin – Pundits & Poets
Belle & Sebastian – Put The Book Back On The Shelf
Ken McLeod – Quotation: Douglas Adams
Counting Crows – Rain King
Led Zeppelin – Ramble On
Van Morrison – Rave On, John Donne
Robyn Hitchcock & The Egyptians – Raymond Chandler Evening
I Am Robot And Proud – Read & Re-read
The Teardrop Explodes – Read It In Books
Morrissey – Reader Meet Author
McGuinness Flint – Reader To Writer - 1996 Digital Remaster
Idlewild – Readers & Writers
John Cooper Clarke – Readers Wives
Emily Haines & The Soft Skeleton – Reading in Bed
Jefferson Airplane – Rejoyce
Stephen Scott – Renaissance Suite: 1. The Harlem Renaissance
Muse – Resistance
Scissor Sisters – Return To Oz
Paul Simon – Rewrite
Joan Baez – Rexroth's Daughter
Simon & Garfunkel – Richard Cory
Steve Harley – Riding The Waves (For Virginia Woolf)
Donovan – Riki Tiki Tavi [*]
Massimo Volume – Robert Lowell
Chariots of Eggs – Robert Ludlum
Thin Lizzy – Roisin Dubh
Maud Gonne – Roman A Clef
Lump Sum – roman à clef
Parade – Romance Morlock
Honest Bob And The Factory-To-Dealer Incentives – Romance Novel Guy
Tonio K. – Romeo And Jane
The Killers – Romeo And Juliet
Lou Reed – Romeo Had Juliette
Dexter Romweber's Infernal Racket – Romeo is Bleeding
Peter Wolf – Romeo Is Dead
Steve Forbert – Romeo's Tune
Futures – Sal Paradise
The Crookes – Sal Paradise
Jay Farrar – San Francisco
Bombay Show Pig – Sancho Panza
Hello Saferide – Sancho Panza
The Passion of Anna – Sartre - Jean-Paul Sartre
Sufjan Stevens – Saul Bellow
Audio Recording Club – Scenes From Your Favorite Mystery Novel
Nirvana – Scentless Apprentice
XTC – Science Friction - CBS Demo
Jay Farrar – Sea Engines
The Waterboys – September 1913
U2 – Shadows And Tall Tress
Fink – Shakespeare
The Mahones – Shakespeare Road
Ed Sanders – Shakespeare's 57th Sonnet
The Smiths – Shakespeare's Sister
Robert Lund – Shakespearean Pie
Peter Bradley Adams – She Has to Come Down
Television Personalities – She's Never Read My Poems
Tom Waits – Shiver Me Timbers
Don Cherry – Siddhartha
Al Stewart – Sirens Of Titan
Joni Mitchell – Slouching Towards Bethlehem
The Books – Smells Like Content
The Strokes – Soma
The Strokes – Soma
Barry Adamson – Something Wicked This Way Comes
The Decemberists – Song for Myla Goldberg
Stephane Furic – Song Of The Open Road
The Decemberists – Sonnet
Patti Smith – Spell
R.E.M. – Star Me Kitten - Featuring W.S. Burroughs
Gregory Isaacs – Story Book Children
Belle & Sebastian – Storytelling
Leon Russell – Stranger in a Strange Land
Bad Religion – Stranger Than Fiction
The Pogues – Streams Of Whiskey
The Hold Steady – Stuck Between Stations
Lee Konitz – Subconscious Lee
Bob Dylan – Subterranean Homesick Blues
Björk – Sun In My Mouth
Nickel Creek – Sweet Afton
Zella Day – Sweet Ophelia
The Antlers – Sylvia
Ryan Adams – Sylvia Plath
The Rolling Stones – Sympathy For The Devil
The Beards – T.S. Eliot
Cream – Tales Of Brave Ulysses
Bob Dylan – Tangled up in Blue
The Police – Tea In The Sahara - 2003 Stereo Remastered Version
Matmos – Teen Paranormal Romance
Deb Talan – Tell Your Story Walking
Blur – Tender
Broadcast – Tender Buttons [Chosen by Warp co-founder Steve Beckett]
Josh Tillman – Tender Is The Night in Paperback
The Cannanes – Tennyson
Freedom Fighters – Textbook Editor
Grateful Dead – That's It For The Other One
Prince – The Ballad Of Dorothy Parker
L.K.Potts – The Ballad of Poker Alice
Bluegrass - Various Artists – The Battle of Evermore
Phil Ochs – The Bells
Monty Python – The Book Ad
Lambchop – The Book I Haven't Read
Talking Heads – The Book I Read
Pere Ubu – The Book Is On The Table - Single Version
Julie Doiron – The Book Song
The Divine Comedy – The Booklovers
Frances England – The Books I Like to Read
Dirt Farm – The Bookstore
Johnny Flynn – The Box
Azure Blue – The Catcher in the Rye
Simon & Garfunkel – The Dangling Conversation
Jimmy Durante – The Day I Read A Book
John Adams – The Dharma at Big Sur, Part II: Sri Moonshine
Nicola Conte – The Dharma Bums
Frank Turner – The Fisher King Blues
Arthur & Yu – The Ghost Of Old Bull Lee
Bruce Springsteen – The Ghost Of Tom Joad
Nanci Griffith – The Giving Tree
Brad Ross – The Great American Novelist
The Anniversary – The Heart Is A Lonely Hunter
The Go-Betweens – The House That Jack Kerouac Built
David Bowie – The Jean Genie
Erik Enocksson – The Joy of D.H. Lawrence
Ed Sanders – The Keats Negative Capability Letter
Saxon Shore – The Last Days Of A Tragic Allegory
Center Divide – The Last Temptation of Odysseus
Justin Wells – The Last Temptation of Odysseus
Hefner – The Librarian
Swingin' Utters – The Librarians Are Hiding Something
Roudoudou – The Lover and His Lass
Roudoudou – The Lusty Horn Song
The Fugs – The National Haiku Contest - 2006 Remastered
The Next Great American Novelist – The Next Great American Novelist
June Tabor – The Old Man's Song - Don Quixote
Aztec Two-Step – The Persecution And Restoration Of Dean Moriarty [On The Road]
Jean Ritchie – The Printer's Bride
Mark Lanegan – The Raven
Nothing Ever Stays – The Revenge of Holden Caufield
PJ Harvey – The River
Chris Stamey – The Room Above the Bookstore
Muse – The Small Print
The Alarm (IRS) – The Stand - Long Version
Rosanne Cash – The Summer I Read Collette
Fionn Regan – The Underwood Typewriter
Jay Farrar – The Void
Eugene Mirman – The Will To Whatevs Book Tour And An Amazing Boy With AspergerÕs
Modest Mouse – The World At Large
Jay Farrar – These Roads Don't Move
Say Hi – They Write Books About This Sort of Thing
Spoon – This Book Is A Movie
Belle & Sebastian – This Is Just A Modern Rock Song
The Pogues – Thousands Are Sailing
The Tiger Lillies – To Be or Not to Be
The 5 Browns – To Kill A Mockingbird: “Main Title”
Brobdingnagian Bards – Tolkien (The Hobbit & Lord of the Rings)
Vashti Bunyan – Train Song
Eileen Laverty – Tread Softly
The Smashing Pumpkins – Tristessa
Horslips – Trouble (With A Capital T)
Künnecke & Smukal – Truman Capote
Robyn Hitchcock – TS Eliot Rap - Spoken Word
Anny Celsi – 'Twas Her Hunger Brought Me Down
Magic Arm – Type Endlessly
Franz Ferdinand – Ulysses
Donovan – Under The Greenwood Tree
The Pines – Ungrammatical
Dionne Warwick – Valley Of The Dolls [Theme From]
The Velvet Underground – Venus In Furs
Charles Trenet – Verlaine
The Scattered Pages – Virginia Woolf
Indigo Girls – Virginia Woolf
Vic Chesnutt – Wallace Stevens
Trampled By Turtles – Walt Whitman
Billy Bragg – Walt Whitman's Niece
The Black Heart Procession – Wasteland
Kind of Like Spitting – We Are Both Writers
Alela Diane – We Are Nothing
Nick Cave & The Bad Seeds – We Call Upon The Author
The Dandy Warhols – Welcome To The Monkey House
Galt MacDermot – What A Piece Of Work Is Man
Cornershop – What Did the Hippie Have In His Bag?
Lowe, Nick – When I Write The Book
Eddie From Ohio – When The Last Page Is Turned
Mumford & Sons – White Blank Page
Jefferson Airplane – White Rabbit
Green Day – Who Wrote Holden Caulfield?
James Brown – Who's Afraid Of Virginia Woolf? - Single Version
Phil Ochs – William Butler Yeats Visits Lincoln Park And Escapes Unscathed
Jay Farrar – Williamine
Belle & Sebastian – Wrapped Up In Books
Star Wheel Press – Write a Novel (Modern Loss)
Sean Flinn & The Royal We – Write Me A Novel
Peter Bjorn And John – Writer's Block
Just Jack – Writer's Block
PT Walkley – Writers Block
South of France – Writers Block
Lloyd Cole – Writers Retreat!
Kate Bush – Wuthering Heights
White Flag – Wuthering Heights
The Cranberries – Yeats' Grave
Ken Nordine – Yellow
Bo Diddley – You Can't Judge A Book By It's Cover
Bob Dylan – You're Gonna Make Me Lonesome When You Go
The Pains Of Being Pure At Heart – Young Adult Friction